The Candor and Lies of Nazi Officer Albert Speer | History | Smithsonian
Albert Speer was the architect who served Adolf Hitler with devotion and and indeed beyond it, we must consider his relationship with Hitler. ALBERT SPEER, whom I knew well and grew to like, might easily have been Speer, in the course of his growing relationship with Hitler. Eldest son of top Nazi war criminal known as 'the devil's architect,' Speer Jr. cooperated with historical researchers to shed light on his father's.
My heart would begin to race, I would become breathless, the diaphragm would seem to grow heavy, and I would get the impression that my blood pressure was rising tremendously Anxiety amidst all my freedom and power! Speer supported the German invasion of Poland and subsequent warthough he recognized that it would lead to the postponement, at the least, of his architectural dreams.
Albert speer's relationship with hitler by Calvin Zhu on Prezi
That was the whole point of my buildings. They would have looked grotesque if Hitler had sat still in Germany. All I wanted was for this great man to dominate the globe. When Hitler remonstrated, and said it was not for Speer to decide how his workers should be used, Speer simply ignored him. Stalin had been particularly impressed by Speer's work in Paris, and wished to meet the "Architect of the Reich".
Hitler, alternating between amusement and anger, did not allow Speer to go, fearing that Stalin would put Speer in a "rat hole" until a new Moscow arose. On February 8,Minister of Armaments Fritz Todt died in a plane crash shortly after taking off from Hitler's eastern headquarters at Rastenburg.
Speer, who had arrived in Rastenburg the previous evening, had accepted Todt's offer to fly with him to Berlin, but had cancelled some hours before takeoff Speer stated in his memoirs that the cancellation was because of exhaustion from travel and a late-night meeting with Hitler. Later that day, Hitler appointed Speer as Todt's successor to all of his posts.
In Inside the Third Reich, Speer recounts his meeting with Hitler and his reluctance to take ministerial office, saying that he only did so because Hitler commanded it. Consumer goods were still being produced at nearly as high a level as during peacetime. No fewer than five "Supreme Authorities" had jurisdiction over armament production—one of which, the Ministry of Economic Affairs, had declared in November that conditions did not permit an increase in armament production.
Few women were employed in the factories, which were running only one shift. One evening soon after his appointment, Speer went to visit a Berlin armament factory; he found no one on the premises.
Factories were given autonomy, or as Speer put it, "self-responsibility", and each factory concentrated on a single product. No department head could be older than 55—anyone older being susceptible to "routine and arrogance"  —and no deputy older than Over these departments was a central planning committee headed by Speer, which took increasing responsibility for war production, and as time went by, for the German economy itself.
German architect Albert Speer, who knew Hitler as ‘a nice uncle,’ dead at 83
He can interfere in all departments. Already he overrides all departments On the whole, Speer's attitude is to the point. He is truly a genius with organization. While Speer had tremendous power, he was of course subordinate to Hitler.
The Candor and Lies of Nazi Officer Albert Speer
Nazi officials sometimes went around Speer by seeking direct orders from the dictator. Probably no architect in history had been as ruthlessly dumped on, either with real bombs or with hardly less damaging rhetoric, than Speer. So, because he did not see himself that way, he wanted to explain himself.
In his private moments, Speer undoubtedly thought he fitted perfectly into the noble neo-classical Prussian tradition whose canonical exponent was Karl-Friedrich Schinkeldesigner of scores of buildings including the Schauspielhaus and the Altes Museum in Berlin.
His teacher was a modern follower of Schinkel, Paul Ludwig Troost, who, as Hitler's architect, had a hold on the little building that was being done in the early s. Despite his claims to be apolitical, Speer joined the fast-growing National Socialist Party and, when Troost died inSpeer took his place. To the end of his life, Speer saw himself as a mainstream architect who had been unfairly marginalised. It was an emotional moment for him: Speer hated that particular weed.
The Zeppelinfeld was hairy with them, but that was his weed, his emblem of the decay of a utopian idea, and he would not let it survive. After much tugging, during which the former Generalbauinspektor of the Third Reich went nearly purple with effort, the ragweed gave way, and Speer stood there, panting, the earth crumbling from its defeated roots.
Hitler's relationship to Speer has been called a love affair but, if there was a homosexual flavour to it, it was sublimated as an epic of narcissism with the young Speer cast as Hitler's unfulfilled other self.
I would like to have been an architect. Fate made me the bildhauer Deutschlands, the sculptor of Germany.Albert Speer: The story of the Nazi Architect
I would have liked to be Germany's architect. Even when I am dead you will go on, and I give you all my authority so that even after I am dead you will continue.
What did I expect? Obviously, a sort of Schinkelian schloss, axially planned, severe, with sphinxes and urns. It was nothing of the kind: Speer had built it for his parents and it was more like a mountain chalet. It even had carved oak bears as newel posts on its modest staircase. Out the back was a limestone cavern, conveniently provided by nature but fortified long ago by Nazi engineers as a safe deposit for the Speer archives. These had since been moved indoors into a large sun room, and Speer, anticipating our arrival, had picked out some of the better goodies.
Here was a sketchbook Hitler had given him in the s: But here, too, on a little sheet of paper about the size of an office memo, was the first sketch for the Dome, the dome to end all domes, the colossal mothering breast of Nazism itself. The Dome was the core of the dream for the new Capital, which would no longer be called Berlin a name that, to the puritanical Hitler, carried unpleasant associations of sin and relativismbut the more ancient-sounding Germania.
All that remains of it now is a stump built in a leafy suburb to determine whether the ground would support such loads. The Dome was to be ft across and holdpeople.
It was a conceptual nightmare because, of course, it dwarfed the figure of Hitler, making him less than an ant. Great things could have been done with the technology of TV projection, but that did not exist then.
The problem was never solved and Dome was never built. It was a magnificent conception which, 60 years later, would be plagiarised by the Americans to mark the disappearance of the World Trade Centre on September 11, No credit was given to Speer, who was dead by then. On May 23, British and American officials called for a meeting with Flensburg government cabinet members aboard the ship Patria and had them all arrested. It was all only kind of an opera anyway.
In SeptemberSpeer was informed that he would be charged with war crimes and incarcerated pending trial at Nuremberg, along with more than 20 other surviving members of the Nazi high command. The series of military tribunals beginning in November were designed to show the world that the mass crimes against humanity by German leaders would not go unpunished. As films from concentration camps were shown as evidence, and as witnesses testified to the horrors they endured at the hands of the Nazis, Speer was observed to have tears in his eyes.
When he took the stand, he insisted that he had no knowledge of the Holocaust, but the evidence of slave labor in his factories was damning.
Hitler's Relationship with Speer. by Lucy Bell on Prezi
Speer apologized to the court and claimed responsibility for the slave labor, saying he should have known but did not. He was culpable, he said, but he insisted he had no knowledge of the crimes. On hearing that, the other defendants laughed in the courtroom.
In the fall ofmost of the Nazi elites at Nuremberg were sentenced either to death or to life in prison. Speer received 20 years at Spandau Prison in Berlin, where he was known as prisoner number 5. He read continuously, tended a garden and, against prison rules, wrote the notes for what would become bestselling books, including Inside the Third Reich. After serving the full 20 years, Speer was released in Speer died in a London hospital in His legacy as an architect was ephemeral: