Essay on Relationship Between Education and Culture | SLN
making a comparison at several levels: first, between what is .. relationship between the implementation of intercultural education and the. Education and culture are closely related to each other. In fact it is impossible to say whether the education influences culture or the culture influences the. In following few paragraphs we will discuss and relationship between education and culture. Both the education and culture and closely related.
However, these concepts, beliefs, and values that constitute a culture are not always static and change as societies do, for they must adapt to the new customs of the time, as Bruner himself also mentioned, "the rate of change in the society in which we live forces us to redefine how we shall educate a new generation.
With this information present, education must deliver a selection of concepts and practices that have greater importance, and also those that will allow students to develop their skills, abilities and dexterities. Here lies the great importance of selecting the right curriculum according to the cultural context.
It is therefore of great importance to ask the following questions: How to select the most adequate things to teach? Who should select and rank the curricular contents? For many years, this selection has been made under the eyes of interests, trends, and ideological and pedagogical positions that make their power prevail. Much has been agreed in pointing out that the process of selecting curricular knowledge and contents is a political act, indicating that education is deeply involved in cultural politics.
In the design of the curriculum, to achieve consensus of positions among the different decision makers is a great achievement, since everyone wants to make their interests prevail.
Unfortunately, in this "negotiation," the cultural context in which students are subject to is often not taken into consideration.
A lot of work is being done by machines or we can say that human labour is being replaced by machines. But the religious and social structures are not keeping pace with the changes in the economic structure. Education is the only means to bridge the cultural lag. Education as a part of culture has the twin functions of conservation and modification or renewal of the culture.
Education is conceived as a systematic effort to maintain a culture. Education can impart knowledge, training and skills as well as inculcate new ideas and attitudes among the young. It is culture in which education germinates and flowers.
It is the culture also upon which education exerts, in turn, a nourishing influence. The intimate relationship between culture and education is evident from the fact the one of the major aim of education is to impart to the child cultural heritage and social heritage.
Thus, culture plays an important role in the life of a person. To understand the nature of its importance, it will be easy to understand how education of various elements of culture can help a person. It can be seen in the following manner: Adaptation to the natural environment: Everywhere man lives in a definite natural environment to which they adapt themselves. Differences in the natural environment of different communities pave the way for differences in their cultures.
In all the tribes of India, the members of the community behave in a particular way which is adapted by the coming generations of the particular community or tribe.
It is this mode of behaviour which makes up culture. Adaptation to the social environment: Culture includes customs, traditions, beliefs etc.
All of these help the individual to adapt to his social environment. It must be kept in mind that all these elements undergo gradual changes as the social environment changes.
Culture determines the patterns of social control, through which the individual is subjected to remain attached to that group. This knowledge enables him to adapt to social environment and thus achieve his socialization. The personality of the individual is manifested through his pattern of behaviour. Culture influences the physical, mental, moral, social, aesthetic and emotional aspects of individual.
Thus, the behaviour of the individual is greatly influenced by the culture. Socialization as a process of acculturation: Many cultural anthropologists regard socialization as a process of acculturation or the culture of a group.
In the words of Martin and Stendlar, "Culture refers to the total way of life of a people that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, customs and any other capabilities and habits, acquired by man as a member of society. One must mix up with others to learn the habits etc, of the society to which he belongs. In other words to socialize oneself one must learn the culture of the society. Brubacher has observed, "We cannot teach the coming generation to be good simply by teaching them to be wise.
They must have plenty of opportunity to habituate themselves to moral ideals. Instead of learning lessons in school apart from life, school must incorporate into itself a social context of shops, laboratories, and play grounds.
Moral learning in school and college must be continuous with moral training outside through field trips, community activities and the like. If schools fulfil this larger function, we may be assured that anything learned in an enterprise having an aim and in cooperation with others will be inescapable moral. Society is very keen that its young members should not lapse into barbarity and ignorance. Whatever, it has attained in social, cultural, religious and other fields it feels its bounden duty to transmit it to the next generation.
As the society has become more complex and knowledge is piling up it feels the need for formal education and thus society starts schools to educate its members.
Essay on the Relationship between Culture and Education
The purpose is two fold: To transmit cultural heritage. To improve the society. Transmission of culture heritage: To perpetuate present progress we should transmit the cultural heritage.
Only physical reproduction is not sufficient; we should equip the new generation with our attainments in all fields of life. Here we should exploit the innate tendencies, needs and interests of the children for the purpose of education.
Our education should also be in consonance with the mental 'make-up' of the students. Improvement of the Society: Without improvement the society will stagnate. Education is not only to reflect the social conditions but also to improve them. With the advancement of science and technology our ways of life are also undergoing tremendous change. If we would not cope with the present advancement there would be 'cultural lag'.
We must adjust ourselves with the fast changing world. So education must adapt itself to the changing conditions. But as always happens some new things are not very desirable. So we shall have to guard ourselves against the tendency of the schools to import everything new in the society.
If old and out-dated things are to be discarded we shall have to be vigilant against blind and slavish imitation of the new developments. It is through education that we can prepare students to evaluate the past and understand the present and to be prepared for future.
In short the students should be taught to get inspiration from the inspiring past, to live in the dynamic present and to face the challenging future. Education is obviously reflection of the social, cultural and political conditions prevailing outside. It reflects the society but it has within it the seeds of dynamics of change and thus can keep pace with the fast changing world.
The schools thus are not blind followers of the dictates of the society but when it degenerates they can improve it and enthuse it with new idea of thought and new horizons of desirable ideals. Role of the School: The school has to give up its ivory tower isolation. It must be closely linked with the society.
Branford writes "The school should be an idealized epitome or model of the world, not merely the world of ordinary affairs, but the whole of humanity, body and soul, past present and future.
Greene states, "The good school programme stems from community needs as an integral part of the life of the people. It is made by, for, and of those it would serve.
They should no longer emerge as helpless, shiftless individuals who do not know what to do with themselves. Ross, 'Schools ought to stress the duties and responsibilities of individual citizen, they ought to train their pupils in the spirit of cheerful, willing and effective service—they will themselves be model communities.
School is a social institution which has been established by the society for the purpose of transmitting among its members, those ideas, beliefs, attitudes and dispositions that will make them worthy members of the society.
Schools are to be the reflection of the larger society outside its will in which life can be learnt by living. The school is to be looked at not as a place where traditional knowledge is inculcated as authoritative but as a place where experiments in life are carried on and where other experiments in life be read about and told about because of their results by which alone they are to be judged and not by their prestige.
Impact of culture on educational institutions: The aims and ideals of the educational institutions are influenced by the values and patterns of the society. The curriculum is prepared according to the culture of society. The system of education tries to realize the cultural needs of society through curriculum which conditions all educational activities and programmes.
Culture and methods of teaching are intimately connected. The changing cultural patterns of a society exert its influence upon the methods of teaching.
Previously teaching was teacher centered where teacher used to give knowledge to the child. Now it has become student centered. The teacher considers the needs, interests, aptitude, attitude, inclinations, behaviour etc before teaching. In this way education is a method pf preparing child for the future for effective living.
Essay on Relationship Between Education and Culture
In short we can say that cultural and social conditions generate the methods and techniques of teaching in a powerful manner. Cultural values influence the concept of discipline.
The present cultural patterns of thinking and living are directly linked to our concept of discipline where the democratic values are accepted all over the world.
Curriculum is contained in the textbooks. Textbooks are written according to the formulated or determined curriculum. Only those textbooks are welcomed which foster and promote cultural values and ideals. They infuse higher ideals and moral values in children. A schools is a miniature of a society. The total activities and programmes of a school are organized according to the cultural ideals and values of the society which establishes and organize the school.
Hence, school is the centre of promoting, moulding, reforming, and developing the cultural pattern of the society. Impact of education on culture: Just as the culture influences education, in the same way education also influences culture of a country. Every country has a distinct culture of its own. Hence, it tries to preserve its culture and its distinctiveness in its original form. Education is the only means through which this task can be accomplished.
Essay on the Relationship between Culture and Education
Thus, education preserves the culture of a society. The process of preservation includes the process of transmission from one generation to another. The function of education is to bring the needed and desirable change in the cultural ideals and values for the progress and continued development of the society without which social progress can not take place.
Education accultures an individual modifies cultural processes by research and deeper investigations into all areas of human requirements. Culture is a life breadth of a society. Without which a society is bound to decay. Education upholds the continuity of culture through its diverse activities and programmes. A society establishes schools to preserve and transmit its culture to the coming generations. Children should be motivated to learn more and more from cultural interaction among various cultures.
Thus cultural integration and assimilation will enrich the composite culture of a society. Education aims at developing the personality of a child.
It employs diverse cultural patterns of thinking, behaviour and cultural values so that children are physically, mentally, morally, socially and intellectually develop with the development of society to the maximum extent. Removal of cultural lag: Education is the only means by which these gaps can be bridged. Thus, education and culture are interdependent and complementary to each other.