Rizal Provincial Library | National Library of the Philippines
of the Ateneo passed from the New York to the Philippine Province of .. These are students who meet the specific admission requirements of a. We are committed to meet the expectations of our clientele for was a busy year for the regional and five provincial offices in CALABARZON with the conduct of . Total. Batangas. Cavite. Laguna Quezon. Rizal. Number of Outlets. 3 National Statistics Office Region IV-A Regional Office Library. Librarian In-charge: Dela Vega, Lucila G. Province: Rizal. Municipality: Taytay. Street Address: L. Wood Street, Barangay Dolores, Taytay, Rizal. First name.
Vanity, all is vanity: In its exhaustion and decadence, the rituals of religion were mirrored in the ritual life of the colony, every bit as rigid and status-obsessed as the creaky Bourbon court in Madrid. As with every spanning wall, those of Intramuros contained just as well as they kept out.
The foreshadowing of the end came in the late s—shortly after the British fairly easily conquered of Manila, and marking the momentum of history shifting from Spanish conquest to defense and decline—for the more affluent of the population of Intramuros to wander beyond its walls. Within the Intramuros, perhaps, they would forever be subjects of Spain; beyond it, they could lay claim to the glamour of being the elite in a land largely oppressed.
As a result of this mild exodus, suburban culture began thriving in Manila, especially in the stretch of seafront land connecting the Walled City to the suburbs that surrounded it. Jose Rizal, whose death we commemorate on December This area we know today as Rizal Park, that which began as barely habitable marshland, then became a hub of the Spanish leisure class. The seemingly innocuous stroll allowed the Spanish their early evening relaxation—all whilst preening before people of their own class and race and, later, when less stringent rules applied, to the ilustrados who streamed from the surrounding suburbs.
It was a ritual of posturing beneath the guise of a leisurely, even lazy, pursuit. In adherence, the marshland was to be manipulated into a map of paseos walkways and calzadas carriage drives over time; it would eventually contain a rotunda at its heart and two circular fountains, as well as a bandstand.
In it, he described Manila and the Calzada: It is surrounded by a wall and ditch, with drawbridges, sally-ports, and gates, and may deserve the rank as a third-class fortress of its time. Things here, speaking generally, are kept in a very creditable state of repair, and the gates, or most of them, jealously closed at certain hours. Two-thirds of the way around the walls, there is a fine broad carriage drive, called the Calzada, where all the beauty and fashions of both sides of the water enjoy the sea-breeze, which sets in pretty regularly between four and five.
Here may be seen in the evenings as many as a hundred, for the most part, elegant carriages, graced by Spanish and mestiza ladies, with hardly a bonnet amongst them, and having no covering for their heads save their own luxuriant jetty locks, dressed and ornamented with great taste.RLBL - Rizal Library Basketball League 2013. Final Game - Lopez vs David
The three streams of traffic meeting at the open field naturally required some organization for the people in each stream to head back to their origins. This made way for the creation of a flattened roundabout, or as described in another travelogue, a small extended hippodrome. The roundabout or loop formed another paseo and a space or plaza. From Parks for a Nation: But despite these occasional brushes in this half-kilometer field fronting the sea, a yawning chasm of class, politics, and subjugation remained between the Filipinos and their Spanish conquerors.
It was, of course, an institutionalized, nearing-inherent division—one that had been in place for more than three hundred years. This ease of colonial living that the Spaniards enjoyed—which, although aspired for and even shared by sympathizers and select ilustrados, nonetheless exacerbated the servitude and suffering of the common Filipino—would be disrupted by the onset of the Philippine revolution. The century that had passed allowed the peninsulares and insulares to settle into their life of colonial relative luxury—but as pockets of rebellion erupted all over the country, and the city of Manila itself was threatened by skirmishes led by one Andres Bonifacio, the plebeian from modest Tondo and, thus, an alarmingly apt poster boy for indio insurrectionthe conquerors were pushed to slowly dispossess themselves of the casual enjoyment of the affluence of awarded their station.
The changes wrought to the Luneta best encapsulated this. Once the Filipinos began banding together to overthrow Spanish rule, there came the transformation of a setting that invited leisure—one that indulged, for a handful of hours every day, the illusion that the Filipino and the Spanish who performed their nightly promenade were equal in stature—into a chilling bulwark of the three-centuries-strong foreign regime, hosting the cruelties it stood for and espoused.
Indios were forever indios, and woe to those who rebelled.
Tropical Baroque In the last decades of its reign, the Intramuros was subject to a series of events that lends to the portentousness of its narrative—part and parcel of the defeat of Spanish colonial rule. On the eve of the Revolution, Tropical Baroque was Spanish Manila; Andre Bellessort writing indescribed the febrile portents of the end of dominion: In addition, news reports and slogans that virtually spread by themselves assume the forms of legend in this country.
Before the insurrection, it was rumored in Tondo that around six in the evening people would see the apparition of a woman whose head was crowned by serpents; everyone interpreted this vision to mean that the fatal hour was approaching. Someone has written that the Spanish conquest robbed the subdued peoples of their original poetic imagination and impoverished their souls.
A time always comes when the spirit of a race is reborn and impatiently seeks to know life. The very earth nourishes it with fresh vigor. Today the Spaniards have not only peoples to contend with but also, and above all, the phantoms of the past, nature awakened from slumber, legends descending from the mountains, the dead rising from their graves.
And that is why the soldier, overwhelmed by his task, fights indifferently while the insurgents go into battle with such courage that they actually have been observed, rushing, bolo in hand, across firing lines and returning to camp bloody but alive.
Bagumbayan was the site of the martyrdom of three secular priests falsely accused of leading an uprising. They were charged with treason and sedition by the Spanish military tribunal—believed to be part of a conspiracy to stifle the growing popularity of Filipino secular priests and the threat they posed to the Spanish clergy. The GomBurZa were publicly executed, by garrote, on the early morning of February 17, at Bagumbayan, the hub of the leisure class.
The Archbishop of Manila refused to defrock them, and ordered the bells of every church to toll in honor of their deaths; the Sword, in this instance, denied the moral justification of the Cross. The martyrdom of the three secular priests would resonate among Filipinos; grief and outrage over their execution would make way for the first stirrings of the Filipino revolution, thus making the first secular martyrs of a nascent national identity.
Jose Rizal would dedicate his second novel, El Filibusterismo, to the memory of GomBurZa, to what they stood for, and to the symbolic weight their deaths would henceforth hold: The Government, by enshrouding your trial in mystery and pardoning your co-accused, has suggested that some mistake was committed when your fate was decided; and the whole of the Philippines, in paying homage to your memory and calling you martyrs, totally rejects your guilt.
The Church, by refusing to degrade you, has put in doubt the crime charged against you. But there came rebirth, after death: The reign of the Cross and the Sword came to an end where it began: Teodora Alonzo cradling the remains of her son, Dr.
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Rafael Palma described it as a combination of the sacred and profane: Death to the Traitors! People began to disperse and to leave the place, contented and happy at satisfying their curiosity.
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In contrast to [Fr. He had known perfectly well that, if he denounced the abuses which the Spaniards were committing in the Philippines, they would not sleep in peace until they had encompassed his ruin; yet he did so because, if the abuses were not exposed, they would never be remedied.
From the day Rizal understood the misfortunes of his native land and decided to work to redress them, his vivid imagination never ceased to picture to him at every moment of his life the terrors of the death that awaited him; thus he learned not to fear it, and had no fear when it came to take him away; the life of Rizal, from the time he dedicated it to the service of his native land, was therefore a continuing death, bravely endured until the end for love of his countrymen.
According to the National Historical Commission of the Philippines, there were some people martyred at the old Bagumbayan. One of the earliest recorded incidents was the capture and execution of 82 non-commissioned officers and soldiers of the Tayabas regiment, headed by Sergeant Irineo Samaniego, on January 21, Samaniego and his men launched an uprising in retaliation to the killings by the Spanish army of hundreds of old men, women, and children in Alitao on November 1, Five days after this, four more Katipuneros were captured and executed at the same site.
They were the ilustrados of Nueva Caceres—a city in what is now Camarines Sur. A week later, another thirteen —immortalized as Trece Martires in both memory and the place-name of their home town—would be martyred at Bagumbayan.
The Spaniards exulting in the Luneta would soon enough make their final retreat to Intramuros; for the second—and now, last—time, it would face an assault from another Western power; the instrument of defeat would be signed in San Agustin, burial place of Legazpi and oldest of the churches in the city: It is this formalistically simple memorial—albeit an elaborate final resting place of his nearing-sacred remains—that has become the de facto symbol of our nationhood: Because even if Rizal himself disavowed the revolution as Andres Bonifacio and Emilio Aguinaldo envisioned it, sharing with Rizal the dream of true independence—of nationhood—was part of the spirit that spurred the revolution.
His manifesto of March invoked: Sasagi kaya sa inyong loob ang panlolomo at aabutin ang panghihinayang na mamatay sa kadahilanang ito? For Rizal the Deist and critic of Catholic ritual became a secular martyr, glittering with the trappings of sainthood, imbued with the iconography of The Redeemer.
After the Rizal family was given leave to retrieve his remains from Paco Cemetery, Alonzo cleaned the bones herself, and wrapped them in a fine linen cloth not unlike a shroud. At Fort Santiago, a splintered piece of spine—remains on display in gilded and crystal-protected splendor, a kind of monstrance of the cult of nationhood.
The Americans certainly had no compunctions about assimilating the cult of Rizal renaming districts, cities, and provinces after Rizal—this, the Philippine Commission undertook. It was also during the early years of American Occupation that Rizal Day was made an official holiday: On February 1,the Philippine Commission enacted Act.
It was during this period that construction of a monument honoring Rizal received colonial approval.
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On September 28,Act No. The members were tasked, among others, with raising funds through popular subscriptions. The committee held an international design competition between —, and invited sculptors from Europe and the United States to submit entries with material preference produced in the archipelago.
The estimated cost of the monument was PhP, including prizes for the winners of the design contest. The insular government donated PhP30, or the fund. By Januarythat goal had been oversubscribed. When the campaign closed in Augustthe amount collected had reached PhP, Paterno—officially announced its decision through the press. Monumental Rizal Forty entries were received by the deadline, and the bozetos scale models of the shortlisted ten were displayed at the Ayuntamiento in Intramuros.
Philippines — The Philippines, officially the Republic of the Philippines, is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean. It consists of about 7, islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south, Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao, the capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila.
The Philippines has an area ofsquare kilometers, and it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. As ofapproximately 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas, multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelagos earliest inhabitants and they were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples.
Exchanges with Chinese, Malay, Indian, and Islamic nations occurred, then, various competing maritime states were established under the rule of Datus, Rajahs, Sultans or Lakans. This resulted in Roman Catholicism becoming the dominant religion, during this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons.
Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II, since then, the Philippines has often had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution.
Before that became commonplace, other such as Islas del Poniente. From the Treaty of Paris, the name Philippines began to appear, since the end of World War II, the official name of the country has been the Republic of the Philippines. The metatarsal of the Callao Man, reliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67, years ago is the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date and this distinction previously belonged to the Tabon Man of Palawan, carbon-dated to around 26, years ago.
Negritos were also among the archipelagos earliest inhabitants, but their first settlement in the Philippines has not been reliably dated, there are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos 2. Academic library — It is unknown how many academic libraries there are internationally.
The support of teaching and learning material for class readings. In the past, the material for class readings, intended to supplement lectures as prescribed by the instructor, has been called reserves, in the period before electronic resources became available, the reserves were supplied as actual books or as photocopies of appropriate journal articles.
Academic libraries must determine a focus for development since comprehensive collections are not feasible. Librarians do this by identifying the needs of the faculty and student body, as well as the mission, when there are particular areas of specialization in academic libraries, these are often referred to as niche collections.
These collections are often the basis of a special department and may include original papers, artwork. There is a deal of variation among academic libraries based on their size, resources, collections. The Harvard University Library is considered to be the largest academic library in the world and has the third largest collection in the United States, another notable example is the University of the South Pacific which has academic libraries distributed throughout its twelve member countries.
The first colleges in the United States were intended to train members of the clergy, the libraries associated with these institutions largely consisted of donated books on the subjects of theology and the classics. InYale had approximately 4, volumes, second only to Harvard, access to these libraries was restricted to faculty members and a few students, the only staff was a part-time faculty member or the president of the college.
The priority of the library was to protect the books, not to allow patrons to use them, inYale was open 30 hours a week, the University of Virginia was open nine hours a week, Columbia University four, and Bowdoin College only three.
Students instead created literary societies and assessed entrance fees in order to build a collection of usable volumes often in excess of what the university library held. Around the turn of the century, this began to change. The American Library Association was formed inwith members including Melvil Dewey, Libraries re-prioritized in favor of improving access to materials, and found funding increasing as a result of increased demand for said materials.
Academic libraries today vary in regard to the extent to which they accommodate those who are not affiliated with their parent universities, some offer reading and borrowing privileges to members of the public on payment of an annual fee, such fees can vary greatly.
The privileges so obtained usually do not extend to such services as computer usage, other than to search the catalog, alumni and students of cooperating local universities may be given discounts or other consideration when arranging for borrowing privileges. On the other hand, access to the libraries of universities is absolutely restricted to students, faculty 3.
Founded in by the Society of Jesus, the Ateneo is the third-oldest university in the Philippines, Ateneo offers elementary and secondary education exclusively to male students. The undergraduate and graduate programmes are coeducational and organized into four schools, collectively known as the Loyola Schools, four professional schools occupy campuses in different parts of Metro Manila.
Ateneo undergraduates follow a Catholic-rooted liberal arts curriculum throughout their programs in the Humanities, Social Sciences, Science and Engineering, the Loyola Heights campus also hosts two chemistry research centers, Philippine Institute of Pure and Applied Chemistry and National Chemistry Instrumentation Center. The Ateneo offers programmes at the elementary, secondary, undergraduate, as is common in the Philippines, the primary medium of instruction is English, with a few classes taught in Filipino.
Aside from teaching and research, the Ateneo de Manila also engages in social outreach, known for its liberal arts tradition, the humanities are a key feature of Ateneo education at all levels of study. InQS Top Universities placed the undergraduate programmes st in the world.
It is composed of four schools, the School of Humanities, the John Gokongwei School of Management, the School of Science and Engineering, a key feature of the Loyola Schools is a liberal arts undergraduate core curriculum, required for all undergraduates. It includes philosophy, English and Filipino literature, theology, history, various branches of sciences.
Ateneo follows the semester hour system common in American universities, most classes are held below 40 students and student discussion is encouraged. The Loyola Schools programmes are geared toward student-centreedness, the Ateneo was one of the first schools in the Philippines to enact a Magna Carta for Undergraduates. In the high school opened a Center for Math, Science and Technology containing science and computer labs, classrooms for the math and science classes 4.
The society is engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry in nations on six continents, Jesuits work in education, intellectual research, and cultural pursuits. Jesuits also give retreats, minister in hospitals and parishes, and promote social justice, Ignatius of Loyola founded the society after being wounded in battle and experiencing a religious conversion.
He composed the Spiritual Exercises to help others follow the teachings of Jesus Christ, ignatiuss plan of the orders organization was approved by Pope Paul III in by a bull containing the Formula of the Institute. Ignatius was a nobleman who had a background, and the members of the society were supposed to accept orders anywhere in the world. The headquarters of the society, its General Curia, is in Rome, the historic curia of St. InJorge Mario Bergoglio became the first Jesuit Pope, the Jesuits today form the largest single religious order of priests and brothers in the Catholic Church.
As of 1 JanuaryJesuits numbered 16,11, clerics regular,2, scholastics,1, brothers and novices. InMark Raper S.
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The steep declines in Europe and North America and consistent decline in Latin America have not been offset by the significant increase in South Asia, the Society is divided into 83 Provinces with six Independent Regions and ten Dependent Regions.
On 1 Januarymembers served in nations on six continents with the largest number in India and their average age was The current Superior General of the Jesuits is Arturo Sosa, the Society is characterized by its ministries in the fields of missionary work, human rights, social justice and, most notably, higher education.
It operates colleges and universities in countries around the world and is particularly active in the Philippines. The formula expressed the nature, spirituality, community life and apostolate of the new religious order, the meeting is now commemorated in the Martyrium of Saint Denis, Montmartre 5.
Its patron saint is Thomas More, the Law Schools primary academic offering is the 4-year law program leading to the degree of Juris Doctor. Faculty and students engage in research which are published in, among other places, the Ateneo Law School offers a complete 4-year program leading to the degree of Juris Doctor. The Ateneo was the first law school in the Philippines to offer the J. Among the key subjects are constitutional and political law, civil law, criminal law, remedial law, commercial law, international law, tax law, and legal ethics.
Students also customize a part of their studies by choosing courses from a pool of offerings spanning a broad range of legal and social interests.