Isocost-isoquant analysis: theory of production: The production function: a figure known as an isoquant diagram (Figure 1). In the graph, goldsmith-hours per. Finding the conditions for cost minimization is a little bit different for Isoquant and Isocost lines. Instead of finding the optimal quantity level for a. Isoquants: An isoquant (equal quantity) is a curve that shows the combinations of certain inputs such as Labor (L) and Capital (K) that will produce a certain.

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Profit Maximization Through the Technique of Isoquant and Isocost Line

It is the counterpart of the budget line in the theory of consumption. The firm will get its maximum output isoocost it employs OL 0 units of labor and OK 0 units of capital.

The iso cost line will shift to the right when money spent on factors increases or firm could buy more as the factor prices are given.

It is known as the actual rate of factor substitution, the rate at which the firm can substitute labour by capital in the market place. This is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized.

Thus, an isocost amalysis gives all combinations of labor and capital at equal cost. All the isocost lines in the diagram have the same slope because the relative prices of labour and capital are the same. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.

Maximization of profit implies minimization of cost.

Isocost-isoquant analysis | economics |

Its slope is given by the ratio of the prices of the two factors. To provide a better website experience, hubpages. In fact, every point on a given isocost line represents the same total cost. Top 14 Peculiarities of Labour Production Economics. The iso quant closer to the origin indicates a lower level of output. No two factors are perfect substitutes.


Isocost-isoquant analysis

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The concept of isocost line is not a new one. OM in the diagram represents 50 workers and ON represent 5 machines. Equilibrium is attained at the point where the isoquant is tangent to the ana,ysis line.

The slope of an isoquant gives the marginal rate of technical substitution MKTS defined as the isoquabt in the quantity of one factor that is required to replace a unit decrease in another factor, when output is held constant along any isoquant.

Isoquants indicate various possibilities of combining two inputs. This is picturised by his budget line called isocost line. For the two production inputs labour and capital, with fixed unit costs of the inputs, the equation of the isocost line is. The firm can achieve maximum profits by choosing that combination of factors which will cost it the least.

Retrieved from ” http: All the units of both the factors are homogeneous The prices of the factor units are given The total money outlay is also given There is perfect competition in the factor-market. This page analyysis last edited on 20 Novemberat No data is shared with Facebook unless you anaoysis with this feature.

No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. In this equationPL is the price of labour and Pk is the price of capital.


Specifically, the point of tangency between any isoquant and an isocost line gives the lowest-cost combination of inputs that can produce the level of output associated with that isoquant.

Games, Toys, and Hobbies. Some articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. Points A and B also satisfy the tangency condition and they lie within the reach of the producer. We partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. Suppose, the producer wants to produce six units of output. All these and other various combinations are shown in Fig.

Privacy policy About WikiEducator Disclaimers. However, at these points the firm remains at a lower isoquant IQ 1which yields a lesser level of output than that on IQ 2. The capacity of the producer is shown by his monetary resources, isocst.

In both cases the factors will have to be employed in optimal combination at which the cost of production will iaocost minimum. HubPages and Hubbers authors may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. The prices of the factors of production 2. It looks for that factor combination that is on the lowest of the isocost lines.

Moreover, supply depends on cost of production.

Some articles have Google Maps embedded in them. This condition makes sense: