Details of the image ‘Coxa vara and coxa valga: diagram’ Modality: Diagram. Coxa valga describes a deformity of the hip where there is an increased angle between the femoral When the angle is coxa vara. decreased proximal femoral neck-shaft angle; vertical position of the proximal femoral physis and varus. pathomechanics. coxa vara and.

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In other projects Wikimedia Commons. What are coxa valga and coxa vara? Patients with coxa vara often show:. An associated dysplastic acetabulum can lead to a hip subluxation. December Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Winged scapula Adhesive capsulitis Rotator cuff tear Subacromial bursitis. Acheiropodia Ectromelia Phocomelia Amelia Hemimelia. What makes a synovial joint move smoothly? This page was last edited on 1 Aprilat Coxa valga is more common in women. The content on or accessible through Physiopedia is for informational purposes only.

As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs. These deformities occur when the angle formed by the head of the femur and the shaft of the femur is abnormal. Cleidocranial dysostosis Sprengel’s deformity Wallis—Zieff—Goldblatt syndrome.

Among bone and joint problems are osteoporosis brittle bonesosteoarthritis degenerative arthritis and gout. Prevention is always optimal, but when problems occur, treatment might involve weight-bearing exercise, dietary changes, exercise, medical treatments and possibly surgery.

Stiffness, Pain, Swelling in Joints 1: Patients may also show femoral retroversion or decreased anteversion. Literature is lacking, but surgical management appears to be the accepted treatment protocol for this condition. Physiopedia is not a substitute for professional advice or expert medical services from a qualified healthcare provider. If you believe that this Physiopedia article is the primary source for the information you are refering to, you can use the button below to access a related citation statement.


Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Madelung’s deformity Clinodactyly Oligodactyly Polydactyly. This article about a disease of musculoskeletal and connective tissue is a stub.

Arthropathies Congenital disorders of musculoskeletal system Musculoskeletal disease stubs Musculoskeletal system stubs. Luxating patella Chondromalacia patellae Patella baja Patella alta. In most cases Physiopedia articles are a secondary source and so should not be used as references.


Acetabular index AI and sourcil slope SS are significantly different than in the normal acetabulum. Toggle navigation p Physiopedia.

coxq From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ashish Ranade et al also showed that a varus position of the neck is believed to prevent hip subluxation associated with femoral lengthening.

Developmental coxa vara is a rare condition with an incidence of 1 in 25 live births. Due to the low incidence of coxa vara and even lower for coxa valga, there is little literature currently available.

Developmental Coxa Vara

If the angle is less than degrees, this is considered to be coxa vara. This is achieved by performing a valgus osteotomy, with the valgus position of the femoral neck improving the action of the gluteus muscles, normalising the femoral neck angle, increasing total limb length coxw improving the joint congruence.


A progressive varus deformity might also occur in congenital coxa vara as well as excessive growth of the trochanter and shortening of the femoral neck.

Wrist drop Boutonniere deformity Swan neck deformity Mallet finger. Premature epiphyseal closure is described as one of the ethiological factors of coxa vara.

A retrospective study of femoral neck fractures in children show the following complications: In the case of acquired coxa vara from a fracture, the proximal femur and femoral neck need accurate reduction and rigid fixation to avoid potential serious complications.

Hip, Groin, or Buttock Problem.

Developmental Coxa Vara – Pediatrics – Orthobullets

Macrocephaly Platybasia Craniodiaphyseal dysplasia Dolichocephaly Greig var syndrome Plagiocephaly Saddle nose. As a result of congenital coxa varathe inferior medial area of valag femoral neck may be fragmented. A Trendelenburg limp is sometimes associated with unilateral coxa vara and a waddling gait is often seen when bilateral coxa vara is present. Another possible explanation for the high occurrence of coxa vara is the loss of reduction after initial fracture reduction of implant failure in unstable fractures.

Cubitus valgus Cubitus varus. Original Editor – Sofie De Coster. Your bones are your body’s framework. Views Read Edit View history.