Discovering the differences between Navajo, Apache and Pueblo by Thelma Solis on Prezi
The Apache are a group of culturally related Native American tribes in the Southwestern United States, which include the Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipan, Mescalero, Salinero, Plains and Western Apache. Distant cousins of the Apache are the Navajo, with which they share the "Navajo and Apache relationships west of the Rio Grande", El Palacio, 70 (3). The tribes of the Apache and Navajo are now associated with the desert areas of the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, but this region was. The Navajo were a predacious tribe of some 50 clans who, frequently with their Apache allies, regularly pillaged the Pueblo and later the Spanish and Mexican.
The people who became the Apaches moved farther south and east, continuing their hunter-gatherer lifestyle. Map of collapsed forked-pole hogan.
History and cultural relations - Navajo
View photograph of a still-standing forked-pole hogan dating from a later period. The earliest archaeological sites in the Mesa Verde region and adjacent areas that are recognizably Navajo date from the mids.
The sites contain the remnants of traditional Navajo houses, called "hogans. In addition, archaeologists find plain pottery sherds, manos and metates, small pieces of chipped stone, and projectile points.
Spanish chronicles from the late s and early s distinguish the Navajo from their Apache cousins by their more settled lifestyle and their fields of corn and other crops. Navajos borrowed and adapted traits from their Spanish and Pueblo neighbors to a much greater degree than did the Apaches.
Navajo - History and Cultural Relations
Sheep and goats introduced by the Spanish provided new sources of food and raw materials, including wool for textiles. Painted Navajo pottery from this period was decorated with Pueblo-style designs, and scholars think the Navajos learned farming and weaving from their Pueblo neighbors.
The borrowing of Pueblo traits continued after the Pueblo Revolt ofwhen some Pueblo Indians from the Rio Grande valley took refuge among their Navajo neighbors to the north and west. The Navajo homeland was part of this vast cession of land.
Discovery of the Athabascan Origin of the Apache and Navajo Languages
Navajos now existed within the formal jurisdiction of the U. InFort Defiance was erected in Navajo country.Navajo & Jicarilla Apache Language Comparison
The Americans also attempted to assign the Navajo to a reservation, but they refused. InManuelito, a Navajo chief, discovered 60 head of his livestock shot by U. Outraged, he confronted the commander at Fort Defiance and told him the land belonged to him and his people, not to the soldiers. Soldiers from the fort, augmented by paid Zuni warriors, torched Manuelito's fields and village. The chief then resolved to drive the soldiers off the land and commenced to rally other Navajo leaders for war.
Inmore than 1, Navajos attacked Fort Defiance. They nearly overran it, but superior gunfire forced a retreat. This would lead to the U. Army 's policy of "total war" against the Navajos. Carson drove the Navajo from their lands by destroying their means of subsistence, using his "Scorched Earth Policy.