Apologetics Press - The Teleological Argument for the Existence of God [Part 2]
Dec 13, THEY are tiny mandibled versions of Shiva, the Hindu god of devastation and restoration. The ants offer the fungi huge amounts of plant material that they Among the leaf-cutters, the relationship turns out to be so tightly. Another astounding example of symbiosis that demonstrates the existence of God The Leafcutter ants are sensitive enough to adapt to the fungi's preferences. Nov 21, Hardly a natural history documentary goes by without some mention of leafcutter ants. So overexposed are these critters that I strongly suspect.
Christian Ziegler Researchers found that antibiotic-producing bacteria the white dust helps the ants fight undesirable mold in their gardens.
Small Matters | Science | Smithsonian
Christian Ziegler Some experts, such as Ted Schultz, believe that the ants' fungi gardens are a form of agriculture. Christian Ziegler A queen like this Atta lays out a new garden using pieces of fungi taken from her parents' nest and carried in her mouth.
Christian Ziegler When scouts discover a suitable plant near their nest, they leave a pheromone, or chemical, trail, to efficiently guide legions of worker ants to it. The workers soon stream back to the nest in six-inch-wide columns bearing loads up to ten times their own weight. Christian Ziegler Fungi gardens will feed some million leafcutter ants like the soon-to-emerge worker above in the nest's dozen-year lifetime.
Christian Ziegler Small Matters Millions of years ago, leafcutter ants learned to grow fungi. And what do they have to teach us? By Douglas Foster Smithsonian Magazine Subscribe May Beneath the rain forest canopy, a low roar from insects builds to periodic crescendos as auburn- and tangerine-colored leaves bigger than dinner plates drift down from branches above.
Scarlet macaws and yellow-ridged toucans issue raspy calls. Of all animals on earth, only these particular ants, several kinds of beetles and termites—and, of course, human beings—grow their own food.
Not Exactly Rocket Science
Somehow, this new tribe of ants, the attines, went—in anthropomorphic terms—from being hunter-gatherers to farmers. How and why they did so remains a tantalizing mystery. He has a mop of tar-black hair and eyes that resemble large charcoal orbs behind thick lenses.
The object of his interest is a nest of leafcutters, the showiest of the attine ants.
Twenty feet up a nearby trumpet tree, the ants set upon freshly sprouted leaves, mandibles open, carving out elegant half-moons. They load these cuttings, which weigh up to ten times more than they do, over their backs and head for home, streaming back down the tree in an undulating line not unlike a band of tipsy piano movers. From a little distance, the ants, wearing stylish neon-green hats, look to be dancing.
Other streams of leafcutters flow from the shadows across brittle, dying leaves, into a clearing of vermilion sandy soil around craters in the dirt. They amble past larger ants with oversize mandibles standing vigil near the nest entrance, vanishing into long, curving subterranean channels, which open up to thousands of chambers spreading down and out through rock-solid dirt.OMG! Leafcutter Ants WILL BLOW YOUR MIND - Thanksgiving Special - Part 1
Millions of ants in an area the size of a small bedroom fill the nests. Once inside the chambers, the leafcutters drop their burdens.
Tiny gardening ants take over. They clean, trim and crimp edges of the leaves, smear their own secretions on them and rough up the surfaces. On these chunks of leaf, which they line up in neat rows, the ants then place bits of homegrown fungus. Some tropical ants collect leaves which they use to grow fungi in their undergound nests.
Leaf Cutter Ants
The ants cannot digest the leaves directly, and so they feed exclusively on the fungi that they farm. They may have been eating fungi for up to 50 million years, and during that time they have co-evolved with their fungal partners. The photo below shows the nests of leafcutter ants: The ants and their fungi form a true symbiosis, with both partners benefiting from the relationship.
The ants benefit by exploiting leaves: The fungi break down the indigestible cellulose of plants, converting it into more edible proteins and sugars which the ants can harvest.
Many types of tropical and sub-tropical ants have complex relationships with certain tree species. Those plants and animals that both need each other to survive would have had to come into existence close in time to each other.
They most certainly could not have been separated from each other by millions or billions of years of alleged evolutionary adjustments. They would have had to have been created by the Creator to function precisely the way they function. Such massive complexity, interdependency, and sophisticated diversity scream divine design.
The Human Mouth1 Take, for example, the interior of the human mouth. Setting aside the incredible design necessary for the mouth to function, including teeth, gums, tongue, lips, muscles, nerves, cells, etc. Microbiologists estimate that over distinct bacterial species are present in the mouth.
How could separate creatures come together in one place to create a complex ecosystem of mixed organisms that co-exist with each other to perform marvelous feats of chemical engineering—from breaking down food particles and mopping up shed body cells, to competing with intruder organisms to protect us from infection? The complexity is inexplicable in terms of evolution. This sophisticated arrangement had to have been created by God. The Nile Crocodile and the Egyptian Plover2 Another amazing proof that divine Creation is true and evolution is false is seen in the relationship sustained by the Egyptian Plover bird and the Nile crocodile.
Their diet entails mainly fish, but they will attack almost anything: They are ambush hunters—they wait for fish or land animals to come close, and then rush out to attack. They are vicious man-eaters: The croc will open its mouth and allow the bird to enter, sometimes keeping it open and sometimes closing it gently with the bird still inside.
The Plover enjoys a ready source of food, and the crocodile gets a valuable teeth cleaning to promote health and minimize disease. Such an arrangement could not have evolved. No crocodile could have gradually decided it was in its best interest to let a bird clean its mouth.
Such sophisticated relationships among diverse creatures prove pre-planning and programming—intelligent design by the Master Designer and Creator. The Emerald Wasp and the Cockroach3 Wikimedia.